Benign Prostate Hypertrophy (BPH)

The urologists at Urology Associates care for patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy, otherwise known as an enlarged prostate.

About BPH:

BPH is very common among men, especially over the age of 50. In fact, around 50% of men between the ages of 51-60 have BPH. It is estimated that 90% of men over the age of 80 have some sort of BPH. Thus, BPH is one of the most common conditions affecting men.

The prostate is a male organ located just beneath the bladder. It helps produce the seminal fluid that nurtures and helps transport sperm out of the body with ejaculation. The prostate also helps control urination. The urethra, a tube that transports urine from the bladder out through the penis, passes directly through the center of the prostate. A normal prostate is oval shaped and is about 4cm thick.

The prostate grows and is dependent on hormones, specifically dihydrotestosterone. Prostate growth is normal and expected during the male aging process. However, excessive prostate growth can cause urinary symptoms that may negatively impact a man’s quality of life.

BPH Symptoms:

Due to its anatomical location, an enlarged prostate can obstruct the urine as it leaves the bladder, causing urinary symptoms. Urinary symptoms can vary but often include:

  • Frequent and urgent urination
  • Decreased or weak flow of urinary stream
  • Nocturia (frequent night time urination)
  • Incontinence
  • Hesitancy/problems starting or maintaining urinary stream
  • Painful urination/abdominal straining
  • Feeling like you have not completely emptied your bladder after urination

How We Diagnose BPH:

  • Urinalysis and urine culture, to rule out other conditions or infections.
  • Urine cytology, a urine test to identify tumor markers if concerned about other cancers.
  • Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) is often performed yearly to assess the prostate. A normal prostate should feel relatively smooth, with two lobes easily palpable with the finger. An enlarged prostate often feels uniformly enlarged, firm and even rubbery. DRE is also conducted to assess for prostate cancer in which nodules may be felt on the prostate.
  • Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) is a marker in the blood stream that provides insight on the prostate, specifically for cancer and growth. Elevated PSA levels could potentially indicate enlarged prostate.

Think you might have an enlarged prostate? Take this quiz.

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Treatment Options:

There are a wide variety of treatments that our team may use to treat your BPH. Treatment methods depend on severity of condition and response to past therapies. If symptoms are mild, they may be monitored closely without therapy on an annual basis.

  • Lifestyle modifications

  • Medications (Alpha Blockers, 5-alpha Reductase Inhibitors)

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Learn more about BPH

About half of all men between the ages of 51 and 60 have BPH.

Procedures

GreenLight™ Laser PVP

The Greenlight PVP is an excellent choice to treat an enlarged prostate. It is an outpatient operation with an average catheterization time of less than one day.

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UroLift®

UroLift® is a brand new, minimally invasive procedure in which the urologist lifts the enlarged prostate tissue out of the way in order to allow urine to flow freely through the urethra.

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Transurethral Incision of Prostate (TUIP)

Transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP) is a procedure performed to relieve urinary symptoms due to enlargement of the prostate (BPH).

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Transurethral Resection of Prostate (TURP)

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is a procedure used to heal urinary troubles stemming from an enlarged prostate (BPH).

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Our physicians are experienced in treating the complete range of urologic conditions and diseases, from kidney stones and sexual dysfunction to prostate cancer, incontinence and infertility.

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