Urology Associates provide a wide variety of treatments for kidney stones that can affect both men and women.
Stones in the urinary system, also known as urolithiasis, are formations of deposits that form in the tubes that excrete urine from the body. Stones can form and affect any part of the urinary system including the kidney (nephrolithiasis), ureters (ureterolithiasis) and bladder (cystolithiasis). Stones are most commonly (80%) contain of calcium oxalate, but can be composed of other minerals such as uric acid, cystine, or magnesium ammonium phosphate.
Urinary stones may be a result of diet, medications, genetics, and lifestyle. Depending on the situation, our urologist may do a stone or urine analysis to better understand the type of stone your body is forming and come up with effective ways to prevent them from reoccurring. Increasing water intake and limiting certain foods may help reduce your chances of developing stones.
Pain is often severe with kidney stones and comes on suddenly. The pain is generally described as sharp and stabbing in nature. It often presents on the lowers sides of the back and radiates down into the lower part of the abdomen into the groin. Other common symptoms include:
For stones under 5mm in size, medical therapy is often initiated because the stones have around an 80% chance of passing on their own. To help the stone pass, our urologists may use:
For stones larger than 7mm, there is only around a 20% chance that the stone will pass spontaneously. Therefore, more aggressive treatment options may be utilized. Patients are sedated or anesthetized for more invasive options. These treatments include:
Shockwave Lithotripsy (SWL) is the most common treatment for kidney stones. Pressure waves are sent from outside the body to break apart the kidney stone or stones into tiny fragments, allowing an easier passage for the patient.
A ureteroscopy with holmium laser lithotripsy is a procedure in which the doctor will use a scope and a powerful laser to break apart large kidney stones.
A percutaneous nephrolithotomy is an inpatient procedure used to treat large kidney stones.
Our physicians are experienced in treating the complete range of urologic conditions and diseases, from kidney stones and sexual dysfunction to prostate cancer, incontinence and infertility.